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St. Peter Port is the capital of Guernsey and has a population of roughly 18,000 people. It is located in the east of the island and is a major port as well. St. Peter Port is a small town with steep narrow streets and steps. It is an attractive town with quite a few sights to visit like the Town Church and the Royal Courthouse. Castle Cornet is the historic fortress that guarded the strategic entrance to the port and the port harbour itself is beautifully located. There are reasonably well-developed tourist facilities to cater for demand.
Castle Cornet is a big castle that is a former tidal island, which is now on the breakwater for the capital's harbour. The tidal island was originally fortified between 1206 and 1256 with a castle. With the invention of gunpowder and cannons the castle was upgraded between 1545 and 1548. The castle was the official residence of the governor until 1672 when a disaster happened. A lightening bolt struck the magazine storage area causing an explosion that killed the governor, his mother, wife and a large number of staff. Today the castle incorporates several museums.
St. Peter Port has a typical maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. Temperatures in summer average around 20 degrees during the day or a bit less. Winters are generally above zero with a few degrees below zero sometimes at night. Variations in temperatures, both between summer and winter as well as between days in the seasons, are low. Rain is possible year round, though autumn and winter is a bit wetter compared to the late spring and summer season.
Guernsey Airport (GCI) is the only airport in Guernsey, just a few kilometres from St. Peter Port. Aurigny Air Services, a state airline, is based here and has flights to and from Alderney, Bristol, Dinard, Jersey, London and Manchester. Blue Islands flies to Alderney, Bournemouth, Geneva, Isle of Man, Jersey, Paris, Southampton and Zurich. Flybe has flights to Birmingham, Exeter, London, Manchester, Norwich and Southampton. Seasonal flights from the Netherlands are also available with Lufthansa and VLM Airlines.
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