© All Rights Reserved Journeyman
Spanish for the land of fire, Tierra del Fuego provides visitors a chance to really see the end of the world. Despite its fiery name, the climate is cold, windy and rainy, but visitors will still find interesting sites. The Argentinian city of Ushuaia is both the southern most city in the world, and a popular starting point for boats to Antarctica. Nearby is Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego, with opportunities for horseback riding, mountain biking, trekking and hiking to scenic Lapataia Bay.
Tierra del Fuego is an archipelago consisting of a main island (Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, often simply called Tierra del Fuego or Isla Grande) with an area of 48,100 km², and a group of smaller islands. The archipelago is separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. The southern point of the archipelago forms Cape Horn.
Half of this island, and the islands west and south of it, are part of the Magallanes y Antártica Chilena Region, the capital and chief town of which is Punta Arenas, situated on the mainland across the strait. The biggest Chilean towns are Porvenir, capital of the Chilean Province of Tierra del Fuego, on the main island, and Puerto Williams, on Navarino Island. Puerto Toro lies a few kilometres south of Puerto Williams and is the southernmost town in the world.
The eastern part of the archipelago belongs to Argentina, being part of the Tierra del Fuego Province; its capital is Ushuaia, the biggest city of the archipelago, and the other important city in the region is Río Grande, over the Atlantic coast.
The best chances for fine weather are in summer, which lasts from November trought March. Daytime temperatures are averaging between 12 and 14 degrees Celsius, while nights are rather chilly with 2 to 5 degrees Celsius. Lucky travellers will experience temperatures of 20 degrees or a bit more, but these days are pretty scarce.
The north is somewhat warmer compared to the south where Ushuaia is located.
Winters last from May to September when temperatures are between 3 and 7 degrees Celsius during the day and a few degrees below zero at night with sometimes temperatures dropping to -10 degrees although it rarely gets colder.
Precipitation is quite evenly distributed throughout the year with around 40 mm a month, though summers tend to be somewhat wetter compared to winters, when some precipitation comes in the form of snow.
The north in general is drier compared to the south.
There are services with Tecni Austral to Punta Arenas in Chile on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, taking around 11 hours. On weekdays, connections are possible to Rio Gallegos as well (12 hours total).
Most of the boat tours are luxurious cruises to Antarctica, the Falklands, South Georgia, Cape Horn or Punta Arenas. Still, it is also possible to get a seat on a chartered boat to Puerto Williams, across the Beagle Channel and on Chilean grounds.
Several cities are connected with Ushuaia by bus. There are daily services with Tecni Austral to Rio Grande (4 hours), except Sunday. Lider has 6-8 services a day by minivan to Tolhuin (2,5 hour) and Rio Grande (4 hours).
Transportes Pasarela runs roundtrip shuttle buses to Lago Esmeralda and Lago Escondido, and you can stay overnight (camping) if you let them know.
Help contribute to this article to share the ad revenue.
We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Tierra del Fuego
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License