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Trabzon

Photo © vaggelis

Travel Guide Europe Turkey Black Sea Turkey Trabzon

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Introduction

Trabzon is a city at the Black Sea coast. An ideal gateway to the famous Sumela Monastery. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Iran in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric; the Republic of Genoa had an important merchant colony within the city called Leonkastron that played a role to Trebizond similar to the one Galata played to Constantinople (modern Istanbul). Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461. During the Ottoman period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, became a focal point of trade to Iran and the Caucasus. The population of the urban center is around 1.3 million.

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Sights and Activities

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Weather

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Avg Max10.7 °C10.7 °C11.8 °C15.4 °C19.1 °C23.1 °C25.8 °C26.4 °C23.6 °C20 °C16.4 °C12.9 °C
Avg Min4.6 °C4.3 °C5.2 °C8.6 °C12.8 °C16.9 °C19.8 °C20.2 °C17.2 °C13.6 °C9.9 °C6.6 °C
Rainfall80.4 mm66.9 mm58.7 mm57.2 mm52 mm51.7 mm36.9 mm47 mm79.1 mm110.3 mm98.1 mm84.3 mm
Rain Days15.214.815.916.315.312.79.510.313.114.614.114.8

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Getting There

By Plane

Trabzon is served by daily planes from Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir. There are also planes from Adana and Bursa, as well as scheduled international flights from certain European and regional cities.

By Bus

Buses from all major cities in Turkey. Example: Istanbul (65TL, 18 hrs, several per day); Kayseri near Cappadocia (12 hrs, daily). Tbilisi, Georgia (about 12 hours) which serve as a useful point of entry to the country from Caucasus, also hourly leaves a bus to Batumi (the bus actual stops at the Georgian border and then you can take a taxi or minibus, 25-30TL). Kars: daily bus at 9:30am and midnight (around eight hours). Ardahan: (45TL at 12:30pm). Doğubeyazıt (leaves at 10pm, arriving 10am).

By Boat

There are also ferries twice weekly from Sochi on Russian Black Sea coast. Which takes 5-6 hours and costs US$ 110/passenger one way.

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Sleep

PropertyAddressTypePopularity
Trabzon Kardelen HotelLimonsuyu Yaylasihostel-
Yeni Hora HotelÇömlekçi Mah.Yalı Cad.No:146HOTEL62
Hotel SecilyaAdnan Menderes Caddesi 99 AkcaabatHOTEL-
Trabzon Horon HotelSiramagazalar Cad. No: 125HOTEL-

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Keep Connected

Internet

Internet cafes can be found everywhere except small rural villages. The cost of an hour use of internet ranges from 1 YTL to 1.5 YTL. Wireless internet is becoming popular in some cafes in big cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, and at airpots. But in many other places it's still not available, or sometimes at a very high cost.

Phone

See also: International Telephone Calls

Turkey's international country code is 90. Dial 112 for an ambulance anywhere, from any telephone, without a charge. In case of a fire, dial 110; for police, call 155. However, in rural areas there is not a police coverage, so dial 156 for gendarme, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers are free of charge and can be called from a telephone booth without inserting a calling card, or any phone including cell phones.

There are telephone booths owned by Turk Telekom in major parts of cities. public phones now operate with chip telekom cards which are available in 30, 60 or 120 units and can be obtained at post offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks.
It is estimated that approximately 98% of the population of Turkey lives within the coverage areas of Turkey’s three cell phone line providers. Line providers from most countries have roaming agreements with one or more of these companies. Pre-paid mobile phone SIM cards can be purchased for approximately TRY20-50. These can be purchased at the airport on arrival or from the many outlets in Istanbul and other large cities. Providers include Vodaphone.

Post

PTT is the national post service in Turkey. Services are generally moderately fast but quite reliable. There is an extended price list on the PTT website, where you can see the costs of sending items within Turkey, countries in Europe and further afield. For sending packages one might also use international companies such as DHL and UPS and local companies such as Yurtici Kargo. Post offices bear the distinctive yellow PTT sign and are generally open between 9:00am to 12:00 noon and 1:30pm to 5:00pm from Monday to Friday. Some might keep longer hours or be open during the weekend as well, but this mainly applies to the larger ones or those in central places and tourist areas.

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Quick Facts

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Coordinates
  • Latitude: 41.006100
  • Longitude: 39.719100

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This is version 14. Last edited at 18:13 on Mar 22, 15 by Utrecht. 5 articles link to this page.

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