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The city of Trujillo is located about 550 kilometres north of the capital Lima and a short distance from the Pacific Ocean, on the banks of the river Moche. Nicknamed the City of Eternal Spring, it was one of the first cities to be created by the Spanish in South America when Diego de Almarga founded it in 1534. He named it Trujillo in honour of the birthplace of Francisco Pizarro's birthplace, the Spanish city of Trujillo in Extremadura. In the 19th century, the city was a major exporter of sugarcane. The city is the capital of the La Libertad Region and is the third largest in Peru with over 800,000 inhabitants in the urban area.
During the last few centuries, the street plan of the city centre has not changed. It is filled with several monuments, including buildings from the colonial era, mostly in mudejar style. A good starting point to explore the city is the huge plaza major.
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Chan-Chan is a palace complex built between the 7th and 15th centuries by the Chimu civilisation that was later conquered by the Inca empire. The complex lies about 5 kilometres west of the city. Inside the complex there are the remains of 9 palaces and several huacas. The complex was built out of adobe (mud) bricks. The only palace that is open to visitors at the moment in the Tik An palace, which holds several ceremonial squares.
Besides Chan Chan the archaelogical sites of the Moche civilisation which prevailed between 100 and 800 AD, are located 20 minutes by bus from the city centre. In the heart of the Moche river valley, and right at the foot of the Cerro Blanco, lie ruins of the Huaca del Sol and the Huaca de la Luna, two templs of adobe bricks built by the Moche people. Archaelogists estimate the Huaca del Sol to be made up of over 130 million bricks, making it the largest pre-Columbian structure adobe structure ever built in the Americas. The Huaca del Sol is speculated to have served as a centre for administration while the Huaca de la Luna was restricted to the priests and the elite; ritual battles and sacrificial ceremonies also took place here to appease and placate enraged deities.
Trujillo has average daytime temperatures of 21 °C. In the summer the highest temperatures can reach over 32 °C and in winter it's never colder than 14 °C. Most of the year, the temperature stays in the low to mid twenties, hence why the city is also called the City of Eternal Spring.
|Avg Max||25.1 °C||26.2 °C||26.1 °C||24.6 °C||23.3 °C||22 °C||21.2 °C||20.2 °C||20 °C||20.6 °C||22 °C||23.3 °C|
|Avg Min||17.3 °C||18.2 °C||18.5 °C||17.3 °C||16.4 °C||15.6 °C||15 °C||14.8 °C||14.2 °C||14.4 °C||15.1 °C||16.2 °C|
|Rainfall||1.6 mm||1 mm||2.4 mm||0.1 mm||0 mm||0 mm||0 mm||0 mm||0 mm||0.3 mm||0.1 mm||0.1 mm|
Getting to Trujillo by plane is for most people only possible by getting to Lima Jorge Chávez International Airport first. From there you can take a plane to Trujillo. Capitán FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport (TRU) is located 10 kilometres north of the city. Lan Peru has 3 flights a day between Trujillo and Lima, while STAR Peru handles one flight a day to and from Lima. STAR also flies to Chiclayo.
|Hostal Portada del Sol||Av. 28 de Julio No 1||HOTEL||81|
|Hotel Pullman||Jr. Pizarro 879 La Libertad||Hotel||-|
|Residencial Munaywasi||Col�n No.250.||GUESTHOUSE||81|
|Hostal Cocosbeach||Av. Larco 1500 Huanchaco||Hostel||69|
|Surf Hostel Meri (former Hostal Lily)||La Ribera 720 Huanchaco||HOSTEL||77|
|Gran Bolivar Hotel||Jiron Bolivar 957||HOTEL||-|
|Hostal El Centurion||Calle Paraguay Nº 304 Urb. El Recreo||HOTEL||-|
|Hospedaje El Conde de Arce||Jr. Independencia N° 577||HOSTEL||-|
|Hostal El Ancla||Avenue La Rivera 198 Huanchaco||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Un Lugar Surf Camp||Atahualpa 225 Huanchaco Viejo||HOSTEL||-|
|Chimú Beach||Los Pinos 144 Huanchaco||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Bona Nit Hostal||Jr. Colón, 257 La Libertad||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|B&B Orrego||K22 Avenida Antenor Orrego Covicorti La Libertad||Hostel||69|
|Mochicas Inn||E-19 La Arboleda||HOTEL||-|
More and more hotels, resorts, airports, cafes, and retailers are going Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity), becoming "hotspots" that offer free high-speed Wi-Fi access or charge a small fee for usage. In Peru, by far the easiest way to check your e-mail and surf the Web is to drop in at the Internet cabinas (booths) that can be found in virtually every city and even small towns. Connections are usually fast, and the service is as little as S/2 per hour.
Aside from formal cybercafes, most youth hostels and many hotels nowadays have at least one computer with Internet access.
See also International Telephone Calls
Peru's country code is +51. Emergency numbers include 105 (Police), 117 (Ambulance) and 116 (Fire).
In all towns and villages that are not too small, it is no problem to find public telephones for national and international calls. Many public phones can be expensive, and an attractive alternative is a Locutorio, or "call-center". Typical rates include .2 Nuevo Sol/minute for calls in the country, and .5 Nuevo Sol/minute for most international calls. Phone cards are cheap and easily available from shops or vendors who hang around pay phones. You'll often see people with a bundle of mobile phones who act as pay phones, they'll be shouting 'llamadas'. Telephone booths are primarily used for making local calls. Calling to other countries from Peru is expensive.
If you have an unlocked cell phone you can buy local SIM cards. Movistar and Claro are two of the phone companies in Peru. You can buy your sim card from these companies and buy a phone card also.
Your best, cheapest bet for making international calls from Peru is to head to any Internet cafe with an international calling option. These cafes have connections to Skype, Net2Phone, or some other VoIP service. International calls made this way can range anywhere from 5¢ to $1 per minute -- much cheaper than making direct international calls or using a phone card. If you have your own Skype or similar account, you just need to find an Internet cafe that provides a computer with a headset.
Check the Serpost website, the national postal service (a private company), for more information about prices and options regarding the sending of postcards, letters and parcels. The post service is relatively efficient and post offices can be found in most cities and (larger) towns. Post offices generally are open from 8:00am to 8:00pm Monday to Saturday and some are open on Sundays from 9:00am to 1:00pm. Postcards are available from street vendors and shops at any touristy area, and stamps are generally available as well, though sometimes only at the post office itself. It takes at least 10 days to send a postcard to North America and prices start at S/5.5. To Europe it is S/7.8 and it takes even a bit longer, around 2 weeks. For little extra money, you can choose 'expresso' services. For large parcels and quantities, you can use both Serpost or companies like DHL, UPS, TNT or FedEx, which are faster and offers the same prices, though it is still relatively expensive.
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