West Timor is the western and Indonesian portion of the island of Timor and part of the province of East Nusa Tenggara, part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. During the colonial period it was known as Dutch Timor and was a centre of Dutch loyalists during the Indonesian National Revolution (1945–1949). From 1949 to 1975 it was known as Indonesian Timor.
West Timor is a political region that comprises the western half of Timor island with the exception of Oecusse district (which is politically part of East Timor) and forms a part of the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, (NTT or East Nusa Tenggara). The land area of West Timor is 15,850 square kilometres. The highest point of West Timor is Mount Mutis at 2,427 metres. Rote Island, the southernmost island of Indonesia, is southwest of West Timor.
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