Several thousand Union Soldiers lined both sides of this road while the Confederate Soldiers had to stack their weapons and unit flags as part of the surrender process.
This is the McLean house in the village of Appomattox Courthouse, where General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern VA to Grant. The house fell down early in the 1900's, but has been carefully rebuilt by the Nat'l Park Service.
This commemorates the Feb. 20, 1864 Civil War battle at this site.
This is a diagram showing the battle layout. The Confederates were dug in (a bit) on the left. The Union was attacking from the top right.
After seeing the damage done to this massive fort by new rifled cannon, Gen. Hunter made this profitic statement.
This explains the point a little bit. It was an extension out from the main fort to protect the main gate.
The moat goes completely around the main fort, with a separate channel around the Demilune
The only way to access the main gate is through the Demilune, so it is fairly protected.
This has obviously been restored from all the damage the fort suffered during the Civil War.
There are two draw bridges that must be crossed to get to the fort, this one to cross to the Demilune, and another to cross from the Demilune to the main gate.
The main gate and fort are hidden behind this point. During the Civil War, it was not raised as it is now.
Fort Sumpter was originally three stories, 50' above the water. It was reduced to one story after being shelled during the civil war.
A lot of the brick damage is visible in the interior walls.
Only one story remains of the original three story brick walls.
Some shells are still embedded in the walls, left over from the Civil War.
This shows how close the fort is to one of the shorelines.
The map shows Fort Sumpter, located towards the left in the center, and other forts and defensive positions around Charleston Harbor during the Civil War.
A view of the yard, walls and ferry at Fort Sumpter, in Charleston Harbor
Many of the casemates and cannon in Fort Sumpter were badly damaged during the Union seige later in the Civil War to retake the fort, ultimately successful.
This is a view as the ferry approached the fort. The black, concrete bunker in the center was added later. Exterior walls were originally three stories high.
This is the ramp from the Ferry dock to Fort Sumpter's entrance. Keep in mind it was three stories tall before the Civil War.
Rifled cannon made masonery forts obsolete.
Part of a life sized diarama of enlisted mens quarters as it may have appeared during the civil war.
You might find some more related photos through these galleries