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Introduction

Île Amsterdam, also known as Amsterdam Island, is an island named after the ship Nieuw Amsterdam, in turn named after the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. It lies in the southern Indian Ocean. It is part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and, together with neighbouring Saint Paul Island 85 kilometres to the south, forms one of the five districts of the territory. Its base, the Martin-de-Viviès research station, first called Camp Heurtin, then La Roche Godon, and the only settlement on the island, is the capital of the territory and is home to about 30 non-permanent inhabitants involved in biological, meteorological and geomagnetic studies.

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Geography

The volcanic island is a potentially active volcano which last erupted in 1792. It has an area of 55 km2, measuring about 10 kilometres on its longest side, and reaches as high as 867 metres at the Mont de la Dives. The high central area of the island, at an elevation of over 500 metres, containing its peaks and caldera, is known as the Plateau des Tourbières (in English the Plateau of Bogs). The cliffs that characterise the western coastline of the island, rising to over 700 metres, are known as the Falaises d'Entrecasteaux after 18th-century French navigator Bruni d'Entrecasteaux

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Weather

Île Amsterdam has a mild, oceanic climate, with a mean annual temperature of 13 °C, rainfall of 1,100 mm, persistent westerly winds and high levels of humidity.

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Getting There and Around

The Marion Dufresne travels to the islands of Kerguelen, Crozet, Saint Paul and Amsterdam 4 times a year from Reunion.

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Amsterdam Island Travel Helpers

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This is version 2. Last edited at 13:28 on Jul 29, 15 by Utrecht. 3 articles link to this page.

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