Travel Guide Africa Somaliland Berbera



Berbera is a city in the northwestern Berbera District of Somaliland, a self-declared republic internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia. It is situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed province.

In antiquity, Berbera was part of a chain of commercial port cities along the Somali seaboard. It later served as the capital of the British Somaliland protectorate from 1884 to 1941, when it was replaced by Hargeisa. In 1960, the British Somaliland protectorate gained independence as the State of Somaliland and united as scheduled five days later with the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic (Somalia). Located strategically on the oil route, the city has a deep seaport, which serves as the region's main commercial harbor.




Berbera features a hot desert climate. It has long, extremely hot summers and short, hot winters, as well as very little rainfall. Average high temperatures consistently exceed 40 °C during nearly four months of summertime (June, July, August and September). Daytime heat on summer nights is high, with average low temperatures of around 30 °C. During the least hot month of the year, average high temperatures remain above 29 °C and average low temperatures also surpass 20 °C. Although Berbera is built on desert terrain, the relative humidity is very high throughout the year and the atmosphere is simultaneously moist. The combination of the desert heat and the excessive moisture make apparent temperatures reach extremely high levels. Berbera is the hottest city in Somalia during summer and is located in one of the hottest places on Earth year-round, as the mean daily annual temperature is above 30 °C. Annual average rainfall is minimal, with only 52 mm of precipitation. There are between 5 and 8 rainy days on average annually. Bright sunshine likely occur during about 84 % of the total daytime hours and average annual cloudiness is very low.



Getting There

By Plane

Berbera's airport has services to/from Aden (suspended), Bosaso, Cairo, Dubai, Galkayo, Mogadishu, Nairobi, Sharjah and Wajir.

By Car

Berbera is the terminus of roads from Hargeisa and Burco.



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This is version 2. Last edited at 14:19 on Jul 13, 16 by Utrecht. 3 articles link to this page.

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