Bikini Atoll

Travel Guide Oceania Micronesia Marshall Islands Bikini Atoll

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Introduction

Bikini Atoll (meaning coconut place) is an atoll in the Marshall Islands which consists of 23 islands totaling 8.8 km2 surrounding a deep 594.1 km2 central lagoon. It is at the northern end of the Ralik Chain, approximately 87 kilometres northwest of Ailinginae Atoll and 850 kilometres northwest of Majuro. Within Bikini Atoll, Bikini, Eneu, Nam, and Enidrik islands comprise just over 70% of the land area. Bikini and Eneu are the only islands of the atoll that hosted a permanent population. Bikini Island is the northeastern most and largest islet. Before World War II, the atoll was known by its German name, Eschscholtz Atoll.

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Geography

There are 23 islands in the Bikini Atoll; the islands of Bokonijien, Aerokojlol, and Nam were vaporized during the nuclear tests. The islands are composed of low coral limestone аnd sand. The average elevation is only about 7 feet (2.1 m) above low tide level. The total lagoon area is 594.1 km2. The primary home of the islanders was the most northeast and largest islet, Bikini Island, totaling 586 acres and 4 kilometres long.

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Sights and Activities

  • Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site - The Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site in the Ralik island chain is the first UNESCO world heritage site of the Marshall Islands added to the list in 2010. It contains many remainders to 20th Century Cold war nuclear weapon race and destructive power of nuclear weapons. Part of the landscape are sunken ships sent to the bottom of the lagoon by the explosions and a huge crater formed by 1954 Castle Bravo test.
  • Lagoon Diving
  • Sportfishing
  • Shipwrecks

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Events and Festivals

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Weather

The islands are hot аnd humid. The temperature on Bikini Atoll is a constant 27 to 29 °C year round. The water temperature is also 27 to 29 °C all year. The islands border the Pacific typhoon belt. The wet season is frоm May tо December while the trade winds from January through May produce higher wave action.

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Getting There

Bikini Atoll is open to visitors aboard vessels that are completely self-sufficient if they obtain prior approval. They must also pay for a diver and two local government council representatives to accompany them. The local representation is required to verify that visitors don't remove artifacts from the wrecks in the lagoon.

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Getting Around

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Eat/Drink

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Sleep

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This is version 2. Last edited at 7:38 on Jul 19, 17 by Utrecht. 3 articles link to this page.

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