Chiloé (Chile)

Travel Guide South America Chile Chiloé

edit

Introduction

Chiloé Island, also known as Greater Island of Chiloé (Isla Grande de Chiloé), is the largest island of the Chiloé Archipelago off the coast of Chile, in the Pacific Ocean. The island is located in southern Chile, in the Los Lagos Region.

Top

edit

Geography

With an area of 8,394 square kilometres, Chiloé Island is the second largest island in Chile, after the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, and the fifth largest in South America. It is separated from the Chilean mainland by the Chacao Strait (Canal Chacao) to the north, and by the Gulf of Ancud (Golfo de Ancud) and the Gulf of Corcovado (Golfo Corcovado) to the east; the Pacific ocean lies to the west, and the Chonos Archipelago lies to the south, across the Boca del Guafo. The island is 190 kilometres from north to south, and averages 55-65 kilometres wide. The capital is Castro, on the east side of the island; the second largest town is Ancud, at the island's northwest corner, and there are several smaller port towns on the east side of the island, such as Quellón, Dalcahue and Chonchi.

Chiloé Island and the Chonos Archipelago are a southern extension of the Chilean coastal range, which runs north and south, parallel to the Pacific coast and the Andes Mountains. The Chilean Central Valley lies between the coastal mountains and the Andes, of which the Gulfs of Ancud and Corcovado form the southern extension. Mountains run north and south along the spine of the island. The east coast is deeply indented, with several natural harbors and numerous smaller islands.

Top

Top

edit

Sights and Activities

Top

edit

Weather

Chiloé runs from 41º47′S to 43º26′S, and has a humid, cool temperate climate. The western side of the island is rainy and wild, home to the Valdivian temperate rain forests, one of the world's few temperate rain forests. Chiloé National Park (Parque Nacional de Chiloé) is located on the island's western shore and Tantauco Park (Parque Tantauco) a private natural reserve created and owned by Chilean business magnate and former President of Chile Sebastián Piñera, is located on the island's southern shore and both include parts of the coastal range. The eastern shore, in the rain shadow of the interior mountains, is warmer and drier.

Top

edit

Getting There

By Plane

The fastest way to get to Puerto Montt is by airplane, but you may also continue to Chiloé by plane or car. The non-stop flight between Santiago and Puerto Montt lasts approximately 1hr40 and there are at least four flights per day; to Chiloé itself, there are only four flights per week, although a private charter may be arranged.

By Car

Santiago to Puerto Montt by car takes approximately 12 hours, taking Route 5 (Spanish: Ruta 5) south to Puerto Montt, then head southeast toward Pargua. At Pargua, visitors board the ferry which crosses the Canal de Chacao to Chiloé. The ferry ride lasts around 25 minutes.

By Bus

It takes 14 hours to travel between Santiago and Ancud, the northestmost town in Chiloé, by bus. A good level of service and comfort can be found on buses which provide semi-bed and bed seats. From Puerto Montt numerous buses can also be found to all cities in Chiloé. Bus tickets usually include the short ferry trip.

By Boat

To reach the island, you need to travel southeast from Puerto Montt towards Pargua, where you have to take the ferry across the Canal de Chacao. Ferries take buses and cars over on a regular basis, between 6:30AM and 12PM.
From the east and south, Navimag and Naviera Austral offer weekly connections from Chaitén, Puerto Chacabuco, and other ports along the coast. Check their websites for current schedules and pricing.

Top

edit

Getting Around

By Bus

The local bus system is pretty effective. In order to get around with ease knowing some Spanish would help a lot.

Top

edit

Eat

Seafood, seafood, and more seafood. In Chiloé, famous for its salmon industry, it is delicious and cheap! Curantos (a local delicacy - a hearty seafood, meat and vegetables stew) and parrilladas are a must.

Top

edit

Drink

Try the local cider (Spanish: chicha de manzana), the licor de oro, or the navegado (warm wine with oranges and cinnamon).

Top

Contributors

as well as jorgealessandri (3%)

Chiloé (Chile) Travel Helpers

We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Chiloé (Chile)

This is version 3. Last edited at 12:31 on Dec 18, 15 by Utrecht. 4 articles link to this page.

Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License