Travel Guide Europe Netherlands Gelderland



Arnhem - St. Eusebiuskerk

Arnhem - St. Eusebiuskerk

© Herr Bert

Gelderland is one of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. It is located in the Central-Eastern part of the country. The Capital city of Gelderland is Arnhem. Two other big cities in Gelderland are Nijmegen en Apeldoorn. With 5.136 km² Gelderland is the largest province in the Netherlands. There are almost 2 million people living in Gelderland.

Gelderland started as the duchy of Guelders (Hertogdom Gelre), based in Zutphen but named after Geldern, Germany, which was contained within its borders. Zutphen County, Veluwe County and Nijmegen County, the parts of Guelders located in what nowadays is the Netherlands, made up the Guelders that signed the Union of Utrecht that declared the Dutch provinces independent of Spain in 1579, thus starting the Dutch Republic which would eventually become the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Gelderland is now a popular destination for two reasons. One is the Stadsregio of Arnhem and Nijmegen, two of Netherland's oldest cities with ample heritage spanning centuries. The other is Veluwe, the sparsely-populated region best known for its "natural" qualities and a popular destination for Dutch tourists making day trips, featuring woodland, heathland, sand dunes, wildlife and two national parks. The highest point in Veluwe is about 110 m, a noteworthy elevation for such a flat country.

Gelderland is partially in the so-called Bible Belt of the Netherlands and may tend to be a bit more religious and conservative than the rest of the country. This applies mostly to the most west parts of the province.




Gelderland has two faces. The first is the south of the province, through with flow the Maas, the Waal and the Rhine. This is fertile flat land, the other part starts just north of the Rhine river. Here the land is a bit hilly (at least a bit more than in the rest of the Netherlands.) and a big part of the province consists of a Nature reserve called the Veluwe.




  • Arnhem - capital of Gelderland and the gateway to the Veluwe.
  • Nijmegen - oldest city of the country, known for its marches, left-wing politics and large student population.
  • Apeldoorn - a very green city with lots of monuments and parks, as well as the home to Het Loo Palace.
  • Wageningen - a major student city due to its agricultural university.
  • Zutphen - first town to get city rights in medieval times.
  • Tiel - an old and historic town, and one of the largest fruit production centres of the country.



Sights and Activities

In Gelderland you can find some good sights to visit. In Nijmegen you can visit the Valkhof, once a Roman settlement, and The Africa Museum. In Arnhem you can visit the Airborne Museum, the Open Air museum, Burgers' zoo and the Kröller-Müller museum. National Park the Veluwe is a beloved sight for people who like to go for a walk or like to bicycle through nature.



Events and Festivals

Four Days Marches / Wandel Vierdaagse

Every year in July, the Four Days Marches, one of the biggest events in the country takes place in Nijmegen. You have to arrange tickets for joining months before, but if you can't or won't be able to arrange it in time, there are also lots of side events during the whole week in which the Four Days Marches are, known as the Four Days Festival. On the last day, the marchers are greeted by thousands on the St. Annastraat, or as it's known for one day, the Via Gladiola. For more information about tickets and events, check the Vierdaagse Nijmegen Website.

Airborne March

The Airborne wandeltocht is a one day marching event that takes place the first Saturday of every September. The route goes along the battlefields and drop zones. There are 10, 15, 25 and 40 kilometers walks. Even if you are not sporty enough to join in, you can still enjoy the atmosphere and the celebrations, and pay homage to the veterans that visit the event.

Koningsdag (King's Day)

In 2013, the Dutch throne was passed on to King Willem-Alexander and what used to be Koninginnedag (Queen's Day) will from 2014 become Koningsdag (King's Day). The date will be changed to the 27th of April, which is the king's birthday. In 2014 however it will be on the 26th of April because the 27th falls on a Sunday. On this day the streets of almost every sizable town in the country come alive with activity.




Gelderland has about average weather for the Netherlands, with relatively warm (20-23 degrees during the day on average) summers from June to August and normal winter (0-5 °C) from December to February. Frost and some snow is mostly recorded during winter, but rain and autumn-ish weather is the norm.



Getting There

By Plane

There is no commercial airport in Gelderland. The nearest airports are in Amsterdam, Eindhoven and Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Münster and Weeze, just across the border in Germany.

By Train

The big cities in Gelderland, can be reached by train pretty easy. Arnhem is about a one hour and ten minutes train journey away from Amsterdam. To reach Nijmegen from Amsterdam you need about 90 minutes. From Oberhausen (Germany) you can get to Arnhem in just 50 minutes.




The beer brand "Grolsch" (English: from Grol) founded in Groenlo and based in Enschede in the Achterhoek supplies pilsner in the entire country. Trips to the brewery are interesting, but to drink their beer can be fun as well.



Keep Connected


Internet cafés are not as widespread as you would expect, but you can easily find one in the popular cities. Most hostels, hotels and camp sites have several computers, so you can keep connected with folk at home. Here is a list of internet cafés that could come in handy for travellers. Otherwise, most libraries have lots of computers and prices are around the €2-3 per hour range, although sometimes it can be even more expensive.

Wireless internet access using wifi is becoming more popular and is usually available at most hotels and increasingly at train stations. Also in trains (at least in most first class wagons, but also more and more in second class) and some buses you can use wifi. Finally, places like McDonald's and Starbucks have free wifi, and smaller individual business like cafés and restaurants are on the rise too offering these services. More often than not, these service tend to be free of charge, though there might be a limited time you can use the internet.


See also: International Telephone Calls

The country code for the Netherlands is 31. The outbound international prefix is 00. The general emergency number is 112, like many other countries.
0800 numbers are toll-free and for 09xx numbers are charged at premium rates. Mobile phones have numbers in the 06 range, and calls to cell phones are also priced at higher rates.

From internet cafés, it is also usually possible to make long distance international calls. Like in other countries, telephone booths have almost disappeared, though some are still found around public transport stations, where you can use a few coins to make calls. It is only recommended for local calls.

The cellular phone network in the Netherlands is GSM 900/1800. The main providers of cell phone networks are KPN (Dutch only), T-mobile and Vodafone, who cover the whole country. Other operators, like Hollandsnieuwe, Simyo or Tele2, use one of these 3 networks basically.

It is best to buy a SIM card when in the Netherlands for use in your cellphone, as this usually works out cheaper than using the one from home. If you are planning to study or work in the country and stay for several months, buying a cellphone is the best option. A simple one, sometimes with €10 worth on it, can be bought from around €25. The simplest smartphones are around €75.


The rate for sending a postcard or letter up to 20 grams within the Netherlands is €0.64 (2014). Since 2010 there are stamps available for domestic post which no longer include the value in €. Instead, there are stamps available with either a '1' or a '2' as a substitute for value. The '1' can be used for letters and postcards up to 20 grams, while 20-50 grams require you to use the '2'-valued stamps (or two '1'-valued stamps of course).

Sending items to other EU countries and the rest of the world (there is one price since 2014) will cost €1.05. Stamps are sold at post offices, supermarkets and smaller shops/kiosks; often the place where you buy your postcards can also supply you with stamps.

Sending parcels abroad is more costly. A standard-sized parcel between up to 2 kilograms will cost you €9 for destinations within the EU and €18 (both without Track & Trace) to the rest of the world. Prices with Track & Trace start at €13 and €24.30 respectively. Parcel service is available from major post offices only; standard-size boxes are on sale there as well. For sending parcels, it might be just as competitive and fast to use a company like TNT, UPS or DHL.

If you need to receive mail while moving around, you can have it sent poste restante (to be called for) to a post office of your choice, where it will be kept for a month. If you come to claim it, bring a valid ID, and make sure to have told the sender that the name on the envelope must be an exact match with that in your passport. For addresses of post offices, as well as more information, consult the TNT website.


Quick Facts


5.136,51 km²


as well as dr.pepper (1%), Sander (1%)

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This is version 20. Last edited at 15:22 on May 10, 19 by Utrecht. 13 articles link to this page.

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