Höfn

Travel Guide Europe Iceland East Iceland Höfn

edit

Introduction

Höfn is a town in East Iceland, at the southeastern corner of the country. Höfn sits by the lagoon (or fjord) Hornafjörður which is also the name of the large municipality of which the town is the centre and which covers the entire area of the county Austur-Skaftafellssýsla. This guide covers the town and the surrounding municipality, excluding the westernmost part which forms one of the main gateways to Vatnajökull National Park. For tourism purposes, the area calls itself the Vatnajökull Region: nowhere else is quite as dominated by Europe's largest glacier, nowhere else have people learned to live in such close quarters with the huge sheet of ice.

In spite of substantial territory, the population of the Hornafjörður area is only around 2400. Höfn is by far the largest settlement with around 2000 inhabitants. The rest of the population is spread along the very narrow patch of arable land between Vatnajökull and the Atlantic Ocean. Höfn's economic activities mainly revolve around fisheries, and the town is especially known for lobster which can be found in abundant quantities in the fishing areas surrounding the southeastern coast.

Despite its name which indicates a fjord, Hornafjörður is a very large lagoon with a blend of fresh and glacial water. The 40 km² lagoon is formed by interactions of the Atlantic Ocean and the Vatnajökull glacier, which by its constant movement produces clay and sand, carried by the glacier rivers and ending up as sediment in the lagoon. The lagoon is shallow, but nevertheless navigable by large ships and the town of Höfn (the name means harbor) is located at the first natural harbor on the south coast after Þorlákshöfn hundreds of kilometers to the west.

The area is dominated by large mountains, wide rivers, and the ever-present Vatnajökull glacier. All of this has combined to make the area one of the most remote in Iceland until the last few decades of the 20th century when roads were significantly improved.

Top

edit

Sights and Activities

Höfn can hardly be praised for architectural beauty, but a walk around the harbour can be nice and there is a bird reserve south of the harbor with good walkways. Most of the sights in the area are in fact in the nature outside Höfn. Nevertheless, the town has a few museums that can be of interest.

Gamlabúð Folk Museum, Víkurbraut (by the main road leading into town). In an old, white timber building on the outskirts of town, this museum focuses on the lives of local people during the period between 1850 and 1950. (The building and the museum have been moved to the harbor area.)
Hornafjörður Art Museum, Hafnarbraut 27. A small gallery which hosts exhibitions of the municipal art collection and contemporary local artists.
Huldusteinn, Hafnarbraut 11, ☏ +354 866 2820. 14:00-21:00. Collecting rocks is a popular hobby in East Iceland. This private collection of rocks has been opened in Höfn's old swimming pool. Rather odd, but definitely interesting for geology enthusiasts.

Top

edit

Around Höfn

Organized tours with some of the many tour companies based in Höfn may be the easiest way to get around the area, and the safest way to explore the glaciers.

The area surrounding Höfn has some of the most stunning nature in Iceland. The lowland area a narrow band of floodplains between the sea and the glacier-topped mountains, where large glacial rivers are still relatively untamed. These floodplains are of a sort called sandur - the word is Icelandic for sand but has been adopted as the international scientific name for the sandy floodplains of glacial rivers found almost exclusively in Iceland and Svalbard. The largest such sandur is 4 Skeiðarársandur, which wasn't bridged until the 1970s.

The mountains are among the highest in Iceland. 5 Öræfajökull is a sub-glacier of Vatnajökull which contains Iceland's tallest mountain, Hvannadalshnjúkur. In the valleys between the mountains, Vatnajökull has a number of icefalls which are accessible by gravel tracks and for the independent traveller with a good car it's a good idea to search out some of the less popular ones to visit for a private date with nature. Some of the icefalls end in glacial lagoons. The most famous is 6 Jökulsárlón which is next to the ring road, 100 km west of Höfn. It's an incredible place where large icebergs break off from the glacier and find their way to the sea.

Finally, although the vast majority of the population in the area is found in Höfn, Þórbergur Þórðarson (one of Iceland's most famous writers) came from the farm Hali. Today a museum in his honor, 7 Þórbergssetur, is located by Hali which is about 75 km west of Höfn.

Top

edit

Getting There

By Plane

Hornafjörður Airport (HFN IATA). Eagle Air flies from Reykjavík (RKV IATA) most days. The airport is some distance outside Höfn, though, and the only way into town is by driving. The airport does have one Budget Car Hire (book in advance as it's a small rental station).

By Car

The Ring Road is the main road (and in places, the only road) through the entire Hornafjörður area, but Höfn is a few kilometers off the Ring Road and is connected to it by road nr. 99. Höfn is a little over 450 km from Reykjavík and between 200 and 250 km from Egilsstaðir, depending on which route is taken.

By Bus

The bus stop in Höfn is the N1 gas station just off the main road leading into town. From Reykjavík, there are two daily buses to Höfn. Buses leave from the Mjódd bus terminal in the south of the city, the ride takes 8-9 hours and may entail a transfer in Hvolsvöllur.
Getting in by bus from Egilsstaðir (or Seyðisfjörður, where ferries from Denmark arrive) in the east of the country is doable but requires transfers in Reyðarfjörður and Breiðdalsvík and possibly an overnight stay in the latter.

Top

edit

Getting Around

If you have a car, it's easy enough to get around and quite difficult to get lost.

The only means of public transportation is a single taxi which can be ordered by calling ☏ +354 865 4353 – however the town is easily small enough to walk around.

Top

edit

Eat

Höfn is one of the most important harbors for lobster fishing in Iceland and many of the town's eating options include lobster dishes as the local specialty. The only supermarket is Nettó, in the Miðbær mini-mall in the center of town, which is also the location of the local alcohol store.

Hafnarbúðin, Ránarslóð 2, ☏ +354 478 1095. A fast food joint with burgers and subs. It also functions as a drive-through, though given that Höfn is less than a kilometer across the popularity of this is intriguing.
Humarhöfnin, Hafnarbraut 4 (Next to the harbor, and the youth hostel), ☏ +354 478 1200. Specializing in lobster (humar in Icelandic), this slightly up-scale restaurant serves absolutely delicious food in a historic building close to the harbor. Officially only open in summer, but do phone in low season, they may open the restaurant just for you with no extra fees.
Kaffi Hornið, Hafnarbraut 42, ☏ +354 478 2600. 11:30-22:00. A cozy restaurant/café/pub with rather typical soups, sandwiches, pasta dishes, etc., at fair prices.
Ósinn, Víkurbraut 24, ☏ +354 478 2200. Restaurant located the same building as Hótel Höfn, specialising in local food at rather high prices.

Top

edit

Sleep

Guesthouse Hvammur, Ránarslóð 2, ☏ +354 478 1503, ✉ info@hofninn.is. The main building of the guesthouse is by the harbour with functional rooms (a bed and a wardrobe) and a shared bathroom. A more upmarket set of rooms uptown (right by the N1 gas station where the coaches stop) offer quirky furniture and rather good art and ensuite bathrooms - however you will still need to trek down to the main guesthouse to get breakfast. 8,000 kr.
Hótel Höfn, Víkurbraut, ☏ +354478 1240, fax: +354 4781996, ✉ info@hotelhofn.is. A 1960s-style hotel with a great view. 17,000-20,000 kr. Oct-Apr; 29,000-37,000 kr. May-Sept.
Höfn Hostel, Hvannabraut 3-5 (15 min walk NW of town center), ☏ +354 478-1736, ✉ hofn@hostel.is. Check-in: 16:00 - 21:00, check-out: 10:00. Open all year 4000 kr. (dorms).
Hotel Edda, Ranarslod 3, ☏ +354 444 4850, ✉ edda@hoteledda.is. Modern rooms, breakfast included. €165.

Many farms in the area offer accommodation, and there are a few rural hotels. Accommodation is usually indicated by signs by the road with a picture of a bed.

Brunnhóll, ☏ +354 478 1079, ✉ brunnholl@brunnholl.is. A small guesthouse at a working farm 30 km west of Höfn. 16,000-23,000 kr.
Guesthouse Hali (13 km east of Jökulsárlón), ☏ +354 478 1073, ✉ hali@hali.is. A guesthouse at the farm where Þórbergur Þórðarson, one of the largest names in Icelandic literature, grew up. 12,000 kr. double room; 3,500 kr. sleeping bag accommodation.
Hótel Smyrlabjörg, ☏ +354 478 1074. A country hotel midway between Höfn and Jökulsárlón, open all year.

Top

edit

Keep Connected

Internet

Most of Iceland is well connected. Most homes have ADSL connections which work well most of the time. There is however a firewall which can cause connections problems especially at busy times. Most hotels, guesthouses, hostels, cafés etc. have a working Wi-Fi network. Generally it's free of charge, but sometimes there might be a small fee or limited amount of time. There are a couple of public computers at the University of Iceland and the National Library that you can use for free and without the need to log in.

Phone

See also International Telephone Calls

The international telephone code is 354. National numbers in Iceland are seven digits long and generally written in the form xxx xxxx or xxx-xxxx.
There are no area codes in this closed numbering plan and the international call prefix is 00. Numbers of mobile phones tend to begin with either 6xx xxxx, 7xx xxxx or 8xx xxxx, while land line numbers start with 5xx xxxx (in Reykjavík) or 4xx xxxx (the country side). The Icelandic emergency number is 112 for all services.

Internally, phone calls in Iceland are very reasonable priced and most providers offer friends and family discounts or free calls/messaging to same network phones. International calling cards are available in most convenience stores which can significantly reduce the cost of international calls.

There are three main companies who supply personal internet connections: siminn Vodafone and Talk. It is very important to get full details of the charges and excess charges as it is very easy to run up a huge bill without being aware of it, especially on a mobile connection. You can buy a local SIM card, if you have an unlocked mobile phone. The major internet companies can supply 3G mobile internet on a monthly basis. If you are travelling be sure to check the coverage because the mobile connection is not as wide as the mobile phone connection.

Post

Iceland's Postal Service (tel. 580-1200) is reliable and efficient. General post office hours in Reykjavík are 9:00am to 6:00pm weekdays, but post offices close earlier elsewhere. Mailboxes are bright red and marked Pósturinn. Stamps are sold at many locations, including Nóatún supermarkets; N1, Olís, and Shell gas stations; and some bookstores. Mail typically takes 3 to 5 business days to reach Europe or the United States. If you are importing goods through the post, it takes a while to sort out the customs and tax based on the value of the item, so be sure to have receipts readily available. For sending packages you can also use international courier companies like TNT, UPS, FedEx or DHL, since they are fast, reliable and generally competitively priced as well.

Top

Höfn Travel Helpers

We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Höfn

This is version 4. Last edited at 13:54 on Nov 1, 19 by Utrecht. 2 articles link to this page.

Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License