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Introduction

Al Khalil, as Hebron is called in Arabic, means “The Friend of God”. In ancient times it was known as Mamre and Kirjath Arba, “The Town of four” because of its position on four hills. Situated at an altitude of 3,000 feet, Hebron has been continuously settled for 5,000 years. It is regarded as holy by Muslims, Christians and Jews alike because the prophet Abraham is buried there.The ancient town of Hebron is considered to be one of the oldest towns in Palestine, and indeed has some claim to being among the oldest continuously inhabited places on earth. The Souq (market) with its arched roofs and maze of alleys is worth exploring.

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Neighbourhoods

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Sights and Activities

  • Al Sultan Pool - The Sultan's Pool (Birket-Al Sultan) is was built by Mamluk sultan Qalawun.
  • Hebron Cultural Forum - The Hebron Cultural Forum was established in 1993 and functions to organise cultural political and educational events and to promote democracy in Hebron. It has an elected board.
  • Ibrahimi Mosque - Al-Haram al Ibrahimi al Khalil (The Sanctuary of Ibrahim, the friend) is a massive mosque with a 20 metre-high wall. The lower part dates from the time of Herod while the main part was formerly a Crusader Church which was an enlargement of the original Byzantine basilica used by Christian pilgrim en route to Abraham’s Oak at Mamre. The upper part of four minarets (of which two remain) were added by the Mameluks. As the place of David’s anointment and the burial of patriarchs, the sanctuary is regarded as holy to Muslim, Christians and Jews.
  • Old Market - The Souq (market) with its arched roofs and maze of alleys is worth exploring. The shops and stalls sell everything from pottery, olivewood and glass, to fresh and dried fruits. The grapes produced here are converted into jam and a kind of molasses and the traditional craft of glass and pottery making, as well as leather tanning, have been adapted to small scale factory production.

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Events and Festivals

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Weather

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Getting There

To get there from Jerusalem you need to catch bus 21 from the bus station by the Golden walls Hotel.
To reach other West Bank cities from Hebron its often easiest to go via Bethlehem.

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Getting Around

The main sights of the Old City are accessible on foot. In the new city, which is spread out and fairly hilly, you can pick up a taxi to continue your journey through Hebron.

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Eat

  • Abu Mazen, Tel: +972 (02) 2297773
  • Al Quds, Tel: +972 (02) 2213833

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Drink

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Work

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Learn

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Keep Connected

Phone

See also International Telephone Calls

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Hebron Travel Helpers

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This is version 1. Last edited at 8:59 on Sep 20, 13 by Utrecht. 1 article links to this page.

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