Jago Temple

Travel Guide Asia Indonesia Java Malang Jago Temple

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Introduction

Jago Temple

Jago Temple

© theo1006

Javanese kings were thought to become gods when they died. Candi Jago is a monument to the deification of king Wishnuwarddhana (1249-1268 AD) of the Singhasari kingdom (1222-1992 ). Scholars are pretty certain of this, because it is chronicled in the Negarakrtagama that king Hayam Wuruk (1350-1389) of the Majapahit kingdom (1294-1478) paid his respects to his predecessor at Candi Jayaghu. Majapahit was founded by Wijaya, son of the last king of Singhasari, after an intervention by the Chinese emperor Kublai Khan in the Javanese power struggles. This explains not only the interest of the rulers of Majapahit in the temple, but also that the style of the building and the reliefs in its present state belong to the last years of the Majapahit era. It is certain that the temple was renovated in 1350 AD and later years.

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Opening Hours

Daylight hours.

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Cost

A voluntary donation when signing the guestbook.

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Sights and Activities

  • Temple - The temple consisted of three terraces on top of which rested the main temple body. The name of the village where Candi Jago is located, Tumpang, refers to this design: in old Javanese “Tumpang” means “layered, tiered”. The temple opening faced North-west (towards the region of the dead). The two lower terraces extended far to the West, from where two staircases on the North and South end lead up to the next level. Even after the last restoration from 1976 to 1980 not much of the temple body remains. The main interest of Candi Jago lies in the reliefs on the base. These reliefs are of both Buddhist and Hindu nature; religious beliefs at the time being a mixture of both.
Sinners in Hell

Sinners in Hell

© theo1006

The reliefs on the sides of the lower terrace have been identified as Tantric stories and the Buddhist story Kunjarakarna. The hero, Kunjarakarna, visits the underworld where he sees how deceased sinners are being tortured. Through his earnest search for enlightenment he succeeds in shortening the period of punishment of his friend Purnawijaya from 100,000 years to just nine days. And even these are waived by benevolent god Wairocana.
On the middle terrace are depicted Hindu tales of the hero Arjuna. The story Arjunawiwaha, or The Marriage of Arjuna, is a Javanese addition to the Hindu epos Mahabharata, written by Empu Kanwa in the 11th century in Kediri kingdom. The marriage - with seven heavenly maidens - takes place at the very end, after Arjuna has assisted god Indra killing the evil king Niwata Kawaca. In the story Parthayajna, Arjuna seeks to strengthen himself spiritually for the goal of recovering his kingdom.
Another Hindu story is found on the upper terrace, Kresnayana. This relates the marriage of king Wishnuwardhana with Nararya Waning Hyun, symbolizing the marrige of the gods Wishnu and Sri.
It is a challenge to recognize scenes from the stories in the reliefs, which by the way read anti-clockwise or from left to right. You need a knowledgeable guide to explain them. The caretaker would like to oblige, but he or she only speaks Indonesian.

Amoghapasa Statue

Amoghapasa Statue

© theo1006

  • Amoghapasa Statue - The chronicles also state that Wishnuwarddhana became Amoghapasa, the highest god in Tantric Buddhism. A statue of this eight-armed god, which originally may have stood inside the temple, now has been put upright at the side of it, together with three kala heads, which used to look down on devotees from over the entrances.

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Getting There

Candi Jago is situated in the centre of Tumpang village. You can make the 22 kilometre trip by minibus or rented transport. Or, if you take a 4WD tour from Malang to Bromo via Tumpang and Ngadas, you can conveniently make a stop at Candi Jago.

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Sleep

Contributors

as well as Utrecht (3%)

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This is version 4. Last edited at 17:08 on Mar 14, 19 by theo1006. 1 article links to this page.

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