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Introduction

Menara Kudus

Menara Kudus

© theo1006

Kudus town, population 100,000, has played an important role in the advent if Islam to Java. Its main landmark is the tower of Al-Aqsa mosque, which dates back to 1549 and was built in a pre-islamic style. Kudus is also the place where Haji Jamahri invented the clove cigarette, and remains a centre for the manufacture of these cigarettes. Kudus regency has become famous among archeologists due to recent finds of human and animal fossils from the Pleistocene area.

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Sights and Activities

  • Menara Kudus - The main landmark of Kudus, Menara Kudus or Kudus Tower, is a minaret belonging to the mosque Al Aqsa in the kauman or muslim quarter. It is famous because it was built in 1549 in the style of Javanese Hindu temples built of brick. More recent minarets invariably try to copy the style of minarets in the Middle East. Being a minaret, the purpose of the tower is to host the big drum used for calling the believers to prayer. The drum is located on top behind the clock. Address: Kelurahan Kauman, Kecamatan Kota Kudus (1.2 kilometres west of the town square).
Making rokok klobot

Making rokok klobot

© theo1006

  • Kretek Museum - The fabrication of clove cigarettes, rokok kretek in Indonesian, has been a major economic asset of Kudus for a century. It all began with the invention of Haji Djamari, who found that not only rubbing his chest with clove oil relieved his chest pain, but also mixing clove powder in his cigarettes. But it was one Nitisemito who made his fortune producing clove cigarettes. Starting in 1906 together with his wife and daughters rolling the cigarettes by hand, in the thirties he produced 2 million cigarettes a day with a workforce of 6,000, and he was awarded a nobleman's title. Originally the tobacco and clove powder was rolled in dried maize leaf, the so-called rokok klobot. Later paper wrappers were used. By 1938 his fortunes reversed due to ‘war taxes’ and his famous brand Bal Tiga does not exist any more. In its stead there are several other kretek factories in Kudus, among them Djarum, Sukun, Djamboe Bol and Nojorono. Opening hours: 9:00am – 3:00pm. Phone: +62.291.440545. Address: Jalan Getas Pejaten No.155 (3 kilometres south of the town square, 2 kilometres south of the railway station).
  • Pati Ayam Archaeological Site - The Pati Ayam site, near Kudus town, is a recent addition to the fossil discovery sites in Java. Serious excavation at Pati Ayam hill has begun only in 2006, but already over 3,000 kg of fossils have been excavated, among them remains of primitive man, Homo Erectus. Most fossils are of animals and were discovered by farmers working their fields. If one is interested and has time, one could spend a day roaming the hill in the hope of finding something oneself. While the most important finds have been transferred to Ronggowarsito Museum in Semarang, or even to Jakarta, a simple museum (Rumah Fosil) has been established near the office of the Terban village head. A guide will lead visitors to a hillside 400 metres from the museum, where a display has been made of actual fossils on the spot where they were uncovered. The soil consists of tuff formed from volcanic ash. Thus it seems reasonable that the fossils are of victims of an eruption of Muria mountain, which nowadays is a dead volcano. Address: Kancilan hamlet, Terban village, Jekulo district, Kudus regency. Directions: One may take a bus from Kudus direction Pati and ask to be dropped of at the turn-off to Terban village. The Rumah Fosil is about one kilometre from the main road.

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Getting There

The nearest airport and railway station are in Semarang, 1-2 hours to the west.

A Semarang taxi should be willing to take you to Kudus if picking you up either at the airport or railway station in Semarang.

If travelling in by bus from the west, the buses depart from Terboyo bus station on the eastern side of Semarang.

Road travel from Surabaya to the east will be around six hours.

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Eat

The dish which bears the town's name is Soto Kudus, a soup served with rice. This is the local version of the generic dish that is found across the archipelago in a myriad of local varieties. In Kudus the meat tends to be chicken of buffalo. There seems to be a local presumption against eating beef from cows, perhaps in recognition of the town's pre-Islamic Hinduism. The spicing for the soup is heavier with the warm notes of cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves, reminiscent of the curries of south Asia.

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Drink

  • rumah makan kenari, jln sosrokartono 31a, ☎ +62 291-439932. 10:00am-9:00pm. family restaurant.
  • kenari omah penyet, jln diponegoro 18 kudus. 10:00am-9:00pm.

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Keep Connected

Internet

Internet is becoming more widely used in Indonesia, and warung Internet (warnet) - Internet cafés - are emerging everywhere. A lot of restaurants and cafés in big cities normally have wireless internet available for free. Internet connection speed in Indonesia varies between ISP and location. Prices vary considerably, and as usual you tend to get what you pay for, but you'll usually be looking at around Rp3,000 to Rp5,000 per hour with faster access than from your own mobile phone. In large cities, there are free WiFi hotspots in many shopping malls, McDonald restaurants, Starbucks cafes, 7 Eleven convenience stores, and in some restaurants and bars. Some hotels provide free hotspots in the lobby and/or in their restaurants and even in your rooms.

Phone

See also: International Telephone Calls

You can use 112 as an emergency number through mobile phones. Other numbers include 110 (police), 113 (fire) and 118 (ambulance).
The international phone code is 62.

If you have GSM cellular phone, ask your local provider about "roaming agreement/facility" with local GSM operators in Indonesia (i.e.: PT Indosat, PT Telkomsel, PT XL Axiata). The cheapest way is buying a local SIM card, which would be much cheaper to call and especially use internet compared to your own cell phone's sim card.

The Indonesian mobile phone market is heavily competitive and prices are low: you can pick up a prepaid SIM card for less than Rp 10,000 and calls may cost as little as Rp 300 a minute to some other countries using certain carriers (subject to the usual host of restrictions). SMS (text message) service is generally very cheap, with local SMS as low as Rp129-165, and international SMS for Rp400-600. Indonesia is also the world's largest market for used phones, and basic models start from Rp 150,000, with used ones being even cheaper.

Post

Pos Indonesia provides the postal service in Indonesia. Pos Indonesia is government-owned and offers services ranging from sending letters and packages to money transfers (usually to remote areas which have no bank branch/ATM nearby) and selling postcards and stamps. Sending a postcards, letter or parcel is relatively expensive, but fairly reliable. It takes several days at least to send it within Indonesia, at least a week internationally. It is recommended to send letters from a Pos Indonesia branch, not by putting it inside orange mailbox (called Bis Surat) in the roadside, because some of the mailboxes are in very bad condition and aren't checked regularly by Pos Indonesia. Opening times of post offices usually tend to follow general business hours: Monday to Friday from 8:00am to 4:00pm (sometimes shorter hours on Fridays), Saturdays from 8:00am to 1:00pm, closed on Sundays. Bigger cities, tourist areas and central post offices tend to keep longer hours, into the evenings.

Private postal services based in Indonesia include CV Titipan Kilat (CV TIKI), Jalur Nugraha Ekaputra (JNE), Caraka, and RPX. There are also foreign postal services that have branches in Indonesia, including DHL, TNT, UPS, and FedEx.

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This is version 10. Last edited at 11:55 on Mar 1, 18 by Utrecht. 2 articles link to this page.

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