Mariupol

Travel Guide Europe Ukraine Mariupol

Downtown Mariupol

Downtown Mariupol

© Vic_IV

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Introduction

Mariupol is a city on the shore of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Calmius River. The city was founded by the Greek settlers from Crimea who came here in 1780. St.Ignatius of Mariupol (1715-1786), Archbishop of Gothia and Kafa in Crimea, is also known as Moses of the Crimean Greeks. Under his guidance, about 50,000 Greeks abandoned Crimea which was occupied by the Turco-Tartars. They moved to the Russian coast of the Sea of Azov and, with the blessing of Metropolitan Ignatios, founded a large and beautiful town of Marioupolis (Mariupol), dedicated to the Mother of God, with 23 Greek villages in its environs.

As to its population, the city ranks the tenth in the hierarchy of the Ukrainian cities. The city is a huge industrial center with 56 industrial enterprises, among them huge ironworks, such as the well-known Ilyich Ironworks and Azovstal Ironworks, the shipyard, the machine-building factory and the commercial seaport.

Such an exotic combination - heavy industry and the sea shore - is reflected in the list of attractions. First of all, Mariupol is of interest to those few travelers who like industrial tourism: where else you will see three metallurgical enterprises, a machine-building plant and a large commercial port in one city!

The city has four districts: Maritime District (Primorsky Rayon in Russian), Central District, Metallurgical District and Left-Bank District. According to the Law of Ukraine "On the Denunciation of the Communist and Nazi Totalitarian Regimes in Ukraine and the Prohibition of the Promotion of Their Symbols," more than a hundred streets were renamed in Mariupol. Three city districts were renamed as well. Only Maritime District did not change its name.

The beaches along the shore of the Sea of Azov and the city museums (the local lore museum, the local history museum, Kuindzhi Arts Museum) are among the main tourist attractions. There are several resort settlements located to the southwest of the city. A narrow line of sandy beaches stretches for 16 km along the coast. The first spa was dedicated in 1926. The beach season lasts over 120 days every year. The scientists say the warm sea water of the Sea of Azov is rich in iodine and minerals.

The coat of arms of the city is a traditional shield divided into two equal parts horizontally by a wavy line - a graphic representation of the sea. The upper field is a silver (gray) color, which symbolizes steel (the main production of this industrial city). The lower field is blue, symbolizing the sea. The central symbol of the emblem is the golden anchor - the symbol of the seaside port city, international trade, and mechanical engineering. The anchor ring (the golden circle) symbolizes the ladle from which the metal flows, forming the contours of the anchor. The inscription “1778” denotes the year of the city's foundation. The Soviet times coat-of-arms that was in use until 1989 mostly represented the city ironworks.

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Getting Around

By Public Transport

There are 55 city bus routes, 13 tram routes and 11 trolleybus routes in Mariupol.

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Keep Connected

Internet

Internet develops quickly in Ukraine, and therefore, today it is no problem to get access to the world wide web - both wired and wireless. There are more access points in big cities, nevertheless there are also some in small settlements. The majority of Ukrainian hostels and hotels of different level have Wi-Fi points, which allow visitors to use high-speed Internet. Most Ukrainian restaurants and many cafes are equipped with internet access points, there are also Wi-Fi zones in terminals of the international airports. You may also access Internet from your cell phone, if your device supports GPRS or one of the 3G standards. All cellular carriers in Ukraine offer access to the mobile internet. Moreover, it's usually no problem to find Internet-cafe in Ukrainian cities. "Ukrtelecom" company offers Internet access as well. Its offices are easy to find in any town of Ukraine. The cost of one hour of Internet access usually doesn't exceed €1-2.

Phone

See also: International Telephone Calls

The international phone code for Ukraine is 380. The general emergency phone number is 112 and there are special ones for fire -(101), police (102), ambulance (103) and even gas leaks (104).

Although cell phones are becoming more and more popular, a lot of people still use phonecards and this might be a good and cheaper option for travellers as well. If you are here for any length of time it is worth investing in a local sim-card for your mobile. No major international mobile operators exist in Ukraine (yet) so if you have Vodaphone or T-mobile (etc) your phone may not work here. Kyivstar and MTS are the biggest Ukrainian operators.

Post

Ukraine Poshta is the national postal service of Ukraine (website is rather slow and not always working). Unfortunately, the postal service in Ukraine is unreliable or at least inefficient and slow. Most packages get stolen or searched for things that can be sold. Post offices exist in all cities and towns and postcards can be sent quite safely, but the service may be slow. Like many other businesses, post offices are open from around 9:00am to 6:00pm with a lunchbreak between 1:00pm and 2:00pm, though opening times may vary. Smaller ones in rural towns keep shorter hours, while the largest ones in Kiev are usually open very late, during weekends or even 24 hours! If you want to send a letter or postcard and buy stamps, just queue up at the line where you see envelops and cards. Be prepared to wait a while, also regarding the time it takes to send a postcard to Europe (a week) or the USA (two weeks), let alone places further afield. Always send letters by airmail (avia in Ukrainian). For faster (but more expensive) sendings of parcels, try companies like TNT, DHL, UPS or FedEx.

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This is version 15. Last edited at 14:07 on Dec 6, 19 by Vic_IV. 2 articles link to this page.

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