Nizhny Novgorod

Travel Guide Europe Russia Volga Region Nizhny Novgorod



Nizhny Novgorod is a city in the Russian federal district Volga Region and one of the biggest cities in the country with slightly under 1.3 million inhabitants. It is the economic and cultural center of the vast Volga economic region, and also the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District. From 1932 to 1990 the city was known as Gorky (Го́рький), after the writer Maxim Gorky. Following the fall of the Soviet Union, the old name was restored. Do not confuse Nizhny Novgorod with Novgorod (or, fully, Veliky Novgorod), which is a different city. In particular, do not shorten the name Nizhny Novgorod to Novgorod.




  • Centre - It is formed around the Kremlin. The city center is not at the center, as in other cities. In Nizhny Novgorod the center is in the northeast. Includes the Kremlin, from which the central streets Bolshaya Pokrovskaya and Rozhdestvenskaya. Here is a large number of architecture of the 18th and 19th centuries, museums, theaters, nightclubs, restaurants and everything that is necessary for a fun holiday.
  • Prioksky District - Along the whole district, on the right bank of the Oka, is a huge park "Shveytsariya" (Switzerland). Also on its territory is the forest park Shchelokovsky farm known as the Museum of Wooden Architecture.
  • Sovetsky District - This district is not remarkable, except for the Ice Palace of Sports.
  • Kanavino - Perhaps, this is the most commercial district of the city. This is not surprising, since here is the famous Nizhny Novgorod Fair. However, only the Main Fair Building, the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral and the Transfiguration Cathedral were left from the previous fair. All of them are popular symbols of the city. In this district, the largest number of all kinds of malls, markets, bazaars and retail stores. This can be seen immediately at the exit from the Moskovsky railway terminal. At the Revolution Square are located at once three huge malls. Behind the station there are two more.
  • Sormovo - City district in the style of the Stalin Empire. Here began the Revolution of 1905, so there are many monuments that remind of this. If you want to immerse yourself in the era of the Soviet Union of the 30s, then this district is for you. The center of Sormovo was built up with Stalinist skyscrapers with beautiful facades. Here you can see the magnificent department store "Sormovskie Zori", the Transfiguration Cathedral of Sormovo (it is a pity that it was blocked by high-rise buildings), a Barricade School, a hydrofoil rocket monument.
  • Avtozavod - The main industrial center of the city. Here is the famous GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant), the area of which is almost half of the district. It is considered the most comfortable city district, with several transport interchanges, metro and airport. This, the so-called "city in the city." There are many interesting places: the Park of Culture and the Palace of Culture, Sotsgorod, Kiselev Square, the Strigino forest and much more.
  • Moskovsky District - This district does not represent almost no tourist value. Fully located on Line 2 of the metro.
  • Leninsky District - This district does not represent almost no tourist value. The exception is only "Bugrov Business Park".




The climate in the region is humid continental and it is similar to the climate in Moscow, although colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover.

Avg Max-8.3 °C-6.1 °C-0.1 °C9.9 °C18.1 °C21.8 °C23.6 °C21.6 °C15.1 °C6.9 °C-0.5 °C-5.4 °C
Avg Min-14.5 °C-12.6 °C-6.8 °C1.6 °C8.2 °C12 °C14.4 °C12.5 °C7.4 °C1.2 °C-4.9 °C-10.8 °C
Rainfall40 mm33 mm28 mm36 mm52 mm64 mm76 mm67 mm57 mm59 mm56 mm50 mm
Rain Days1187881010910111212



Getting There

By Plane

Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (GOJ) offers some flights, including connections with Moscow]], St. Petersburg, Frankfurt, Yerevan, Baku, Samara, Surgut and Yekaterinburg.

By Train

Nizhny Novgorod is a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway. There are several options for train travel to/from Moscow including high speed Sapsan trains (3.5 hours, RUB1,200-1,700) and slower late night trains (7 hours, from RUB700). Trains are generally cheaper if purchased in advance. Most trains to/from Moscow arrive to/depart from Moscow's Kursky or Yaroslavsky train stations.

There are 2 daily overnight trains to/from Saint Petersburg (15-16 hours, from RUB900).

There are also direct train connections with Vladimir, Dzerzhinsk, Kazan, Samara, Kirov (6-7 hours, from RUB550), Yaroslavl (9 hours, from RUB450), Kungur (16 hours, from RUB1,200), Yekaterinburg, (20 hours, from RUB1,400), Novosibirsk (40 hours, from RUB2,500), Irkutsk (69 hours, RUB10,000), Astrakhan, Simferopol, Novorossiysk (52 hours, from RUB1,900), Vladivostok, Beijing, Ulaanbaatar, and many other cities. Suburban commuter trains connect Nizhny Novgorod with towns within 200 kilometres of the city.

By Car

Nizhny Novgorod is situated on the M7/E30 road. The road is in decent condition, although with traffic it can take anywhere from 4 to 8 hours to drive to/from Moscow.

By Bus

There are several stops for buses arriving in Nizhny Novgorod; however, departing buses leave from either Kanavinskaya bus station, near the railroad station, for buses going to points north and west, and the main bus station (Avtovokzal) near pl. Lyadova, for the buses going to points south and east.

Buses are generally uncomfortable and slower than the trains.

MR Trans operates buses to/from Moscow (9 hours, RUB600-1,000), Yoshkar-Ola, Kazan, Cheboksary, and other nearby cities.

By Boat

Turflot, Infoflot, and many other companies operate multi-day river cruises down the Volga from early May to the end of September.

Many companies operate passenger boat service between Moscow and Astrakhan, with stops at most cities along the Volga River.



Getting Around

By Public Transport

There is a network of trams, trolleybuses, buses, marshrutkas and a 2-line metro system. Google maps can be used for directions via public transport.

The fare on public transport is ₽20 per ride and operating hours are generally 05:15am to midnight.

On surface public transport (trams, trolleybuses, buses and marshrutkas) you are expected to pay within one stop after you enter, the fare is fixed for one ride. A konductor who will come to you, take money and issue a ticket; if there is no konductor, you should pay directly to the driver. Both the driver and konductor will give change if needed, although notes of ₽1,000 and larger are sometimes denied. It is best to have exact change ready.

By Foot

The city centre is compact and walkable. However, there are many inclines or steps from the river banks. The bridges are not pedestrian friendly since the sidewalk is very narrow and cars drive extremely fast close to the pedestrians.

By Bike

Nizhny Novgorod has not very developed bicycle infrastructure. Special bike paths exist only on the Upper-Volga and Lower-Volga embankments and on Rozhdestvenskaya Street.

The upper city is very hilly and full of steep inclines and even many locals will get off their bicycles and push their bikes up the hill by foot. Drivers can be reckless and pose a danger to cyclists. The roads can also be icy during the winter. City cyclists solve this problem by replacing summer tires with winter tires.

Also, in 2017 the implementation of a new integrated transport scheme of the city began. It provides for a large number of bicycle paths in the Upper City (including on Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street) and in the Lower City. Here the bicycle paths are planned together with the infrastructure for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.




All hotels and hostels offer free WiFi and many have computer terminals. Almost all accept credit cards. Hotels and hostels will usually provide a visa invitation and registration for an additional fee.

You can use the form below to search for availability (Travellerspoint receives a commission for bookings made through the form)



Keep Connected


Russia is a huge country, and excess to the internet varies a lot. The main cities and tourist places have (free) wifi excess at lots of places, like restaurants and cafes (McDonald's is always a safe bet). Internet cafes are present in larger places as well. Rural areas and especially if you venture into remote and/or mountainous areas have little excess at all. Most travellers will find connections though when using their phone or tablet.


See also: International Telephone Calls

The emergency number is 112. The country code for Russia is 7. Russian phone numbers have an area code with three, four or five digits (according to their province), followed by an individual number with, respectively, 7, 6 or 5 digits, always yielding 10 digits in total. The three digit code 800 is used for toll-free calls. Mobile phones always have three-digit "area" codes and seven-digit numbers. Calls within any one area code may omit the area code (except in Moscow). Inter-area code calls within Russia: 8 (wait for tone) full Russian number including area code. The international access code for dialling outwith Russia is the sequence of 8 (wait for secondary tone and then) 10. International calls to Russia, as always, replace the plus sign (+) in the international phone format with the local international access code for the country you're calling from, followed by Russia's country code of 7 followed by the individual Russian phone number including area code.

You will require a SIM-unlocked GSM 900 / 1800 compatible international cell phone when buying a Russian SIM card. If you do not have your own international cell phone, it's best to buy a cheap cell phone with some value on the card. Foreigners can purchase a local SIM card by showing your passport. BeeLine is considered to be the best in terms of reliability and connections quality. However Megafon's services can be a bit cheaper.


Russian Post is the national postal service of Russia. It's English version is currently under construction, but mainly involves the track&trace system. The domestic post is reasonably reliable, and sending international mail is fairly reliable but slow, taking at least a few weeks to European countries, longer to the USA or Australia for example. The delivery of mail sent from abroad to Russia is highly unreliable, and people or companies tend to use foreign adresses, from where a private carrier sends it to Russia. Alternatives like poste restante are non-existent with Russian Post. Most cities and large towns in Russia have a Central Post Office (Glavpochtamt), which also sells stamps and envelopes, and usually has fax services and Internet availability, though the latter mostly not in smaller places. Also, many hotels have postal services, including mail boxes. Post offices tend to keep long hours, usually from 8:00am or 9:00am until 8:00pm or 9:00pm Monday to Friday, and closing earlier during weekends. The main central post offices in the biggest cities keep even longer hours. For sending parcels, you can also try services by DHL Russia and FedEx Russia. For all mail you can use the regular alphabet, though maybe include the country's name in Cyrillic. For sending post to Russia (or trying to receive it) note that addresses should be in reverse order: Russia, postal code, city, street address, name.


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This is version 7. Last edited at 15:48 on Nov 27, 17 by Utrecht. 6 articles link to this page.

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