Skåne

Travel Guide Europe Sweden Skåne

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Introduction

Scania, also known by its local name Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden which consists of a peninsula on the southern tip of the Scandinavian Peninsula and some islands close to it. Scania is roughly equivalent to the modern Skåne County (Skåne län). The responsibility for overseeing implementation of state policy in the county is administered by the County Administrative Board. Within Scania there are 33 municipalities that are independent and separate from the Scania Regional Council which has its seat in Kristianstad. The largest city is Malmö, which is also the third largest city in Sweden.

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History

Scania was part of the kingdom of Denmark up until the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The transition to Sweden was later confirmed by the 1660 Treaty of Copenhagen, the 1679 Peace of Lund and the 1700 Peace of Travendal. The last serious Danish attempt to invade the province failed in 1710, after the Battle of Helsingborg. The period 1658-1720 saw widespread violence by the Swedish militaries against the local population. The same was also true about the Danish military, though to a far lesser extent. The region did not form part of Sweden proper until 1720, but had the status of conquered "foreign land" until that year. It was then divided in two counties and has since then been regarded as fully integrated in Sweden. Until the early 19th century, a policy of forced assimilation was employed by the Swedish government in what until then had been a linguistically Danish region. Controversy relating to whether the Scanian dialects should be classified as a regional language or as Danish or Swedish dialects remains to this day.

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Geography

To the north, Scania borders the provinces of Halland and Småland, to the northeast Blekinge, to the east and south the Baltic Sea and Bornholm island, and to the west Øresund. Since 2000 a road and railway bridge, the Øresund Bridge, bridges the sound to the Danish island of Zealand. The HH Ferry route across the northern part of Øresund also remains as an important link between the Scandinavian Peninsula and Zealand. Scania is part of the transnational Øresund Region.

From north to south Scania is around 130 kilometres and covers less than 3% of Sweden's total area, but the population of approximately 1,304,000 (by end of year 2015) represents 13% of the country's entire population. About 16% of Scania's population is foreign-born. With 120 inh/km2 Scania is the second most densely populated province of Sweden, next only to Södermanland. The western part, along the coast of the Øresund, is by far the most populated part.

Unlike some of the other regions of Sweden, the Scanian landscape is generally not mountainous. A few examples of uncovered cliffs can though be found at Hovs Hallar, at Kullaberg, and on the island Hallands Väderö. With the exception of the lake-rich and densely forested northern parts (Göinge), the rolling hills in the north-west (the Bjäre and Kulla peninsulas) and the beech-wood-clad areas extending from the slopes of the horsts, a sizeable portion of Scania's terrain consists of plains. Its low profile and open landscape distinguish Scania from most other geographical regions of Sweden which consist mainly of waterway-rich, cool, mixed coniferous forests, boreal taiga and alpine tundra.[44] The province has several lakes but they are relatively few compared to the province just north of Scania, Småland.

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Sights and Activities

  • Trelleborg is the collective name for six viking villages and forts that are located in present day northern Denmark and southern Sweden. Most of them were built in the late 10th and early 11th century. These impressive towns helped to rain havoc on most of the Northern Europe for several years. Many of the ones in Sweden are located near present day Trelleborg.
  • Turning Torso - Go see the tallest building in Scandinavia with is amazing design.

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Events and Festivals

Malmo Festival

Known locally as the Malmofestivalen, Malmo’s most important event is held over the course of eight days in August. Plenty of interesting performances and feasts are found throughout the region, but be sure to book your accommodations early as they fill up fast.

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Weather

Scania has the mildest climate in Sweden, but there are some local differences. Compared with locations further north, the Scanian climate differs primary by being far less cold during the winter and in having longer springs and autumns. While the July temperatures doesn't differ much. The highest temperature ever recorded in the province is 36.0 °C (Ängelholm, 30 July 1947) and the lowest ever recorded is -34 °C (Stehag, 26 January 1942). Temperatures below -15 °C are extremely rare even at night, while summer temperatures above 30 °C occurs once in a while every summer. Precipitation is spread fairly evenly, both across the province and during the year. Slightly more precipitation falls during July and August than during the other months.

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Getting There

By Plane

Malmö Airport (MMX) has regular connections to/from Örebrö, Stockholm, Budapest, Belgrade, Gdansk, Warsaw, Katowice, Damascus and Borlänge. Ryanair flies to Alicante and Malaga.

By Train

Norway
NSB (Norwegian State Railways) operates trains between Oslo and Malmo, which connects to Copenhagen, Hamburg and Berlin.
Denmark
There are trains roughly every 20 minutes or so between Malmo and Copenhagen, which stop at the Copenhagen Airport as well, travelling via the Öresund Bridge.
Germany
Berlin Night Express has direct overnight trains to and from Malmo, via the Rodby-Puttgarden ferry, taking 9 hours each way.

By Car

You can travel to Malmo directly from Denmark via the E20 motorway and the Öresund Bridge, as well as from places in Sweden.

By Bus

Regular buses connect Malmo with Copenhagen as well as Swedish cities.

By Boat

Scania is connected to Germany, Denmark and Poland by car ferry.

  • TT-Line runs services to Trelleborg from Travemünde and Rostock (Germany) daily.
  • Scandlines runs daily services to Trelleborg from Sassnitz (Germany).
  • Stena Line runs daily services to Trelleborg from Rostock (Germany).
  • Scandlines and HH-Ferries runs very frequent services to Helsingborg from Elsinore (Denmark). The trip takes about 20 minutes and the ships run at least every hour 24/7. Daytime there is a departure every 15 minutes.
  • Unity Line and Polferries run daily services from Świnoujście (Poland) to Ystad.

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Getting Around

By Public Transport

Skånetrafiken provides comprehensive rail and bus service in the region.

By Bicycle

With a flat scenery and milder climate than the rest of Sweden, Scania is suitable for cycling.

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Eat

As Scania is Sweden's breadbasket, as well as its gateway to central Europe and historically part of Denmark, traditional Scanian cuisine differs much from the rest of Sweden; known for being sweet, greasy, and salty. Some local delicacies are eel, goose and böckling (smoked herring), and different kinds of dairy products and meats.

Malmö offers a wide selection of haute cuisine and ethnic restaurants, and the region of Österlen has a lot to offer in the way of food.

An iconic dessert is spettekaka, a meringue-like dry egg and sugar based dessert that is a must try for anyone visiting the region.

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Drink

The toponymous Skåne Akvavit is a brand of hard liquor.

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This is version 2. Last edited at 10:00 on Jan 3, 17 by Utrecht. 1 article links to this page.

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