Terra Nova National Park

Travel Guide North America Canada Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland Terra Nova National Park

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Introduction

Terra Nova National Park is located on the east coast of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, along several inlets of Bonavista Bay. The park takes its name from the Latin name for Newfoundland; it is also the original Portuguese name given to the region.

Terra Nova National Park was created in 1957 and was the first National Park in Newfoundland and Labrador. Terra Nova protects the Eastern Island Boreal Forest natural region. This region covers most of the island of Newfoundland, east of Deer Lake, and is characterized by black spruce trees with pockets of balsam fir, white pine, mountain ash, tamarack, maple and other deciduous tree species.

Animals that inhabit this national park are black bears, caribou, black ducks, moose, red foxes, bald eagles, red squirrels, lynxes, beavers, puffins, snowshoe hares, ospreys, and minks. Marine animals that inhabit offshore are humpback whales, minke whales, fin whales, pilot whales, harp seals, orcas and dolphins.

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Geography

Terra Nova's landscape is typical of the northeast coast of Newfoundland, but with remnants of the Appalachian Mountains contributing to widely varied and rugged topography throughout the region. The park's seacoast consists of several rocky "fingers" jutting into Bonavista Bay along an area stretching from just north of Port Blandford to the vicinity of Glovertown. The coastline varies from cliffs and exposed headlands to sheltered inlets and coves, contributing to Newfoundland's prime recreational boating area.

Inland areas consist of rolling forested hills, exposed rock faces, and bogs, ponds and wetlands. Wildlife protected by the park range from small to large land mammals, migratory birds, and various marine life. Terra Nova also protects an area containing remnants of the Beothuk Nation, as well as many of the early pioneer European settlements in the region.

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Sights and Activities

During the summer there are a number of interpretive programs offered at Terra Nova. Almost every night there is a show at the Evening Theatre about the themes of the Park. Current shows include "Go With the Flo" and "Forest Idol." Previous shows include "Forest Feud" and "The Broad Cove Bachelor". Once a week there is also a campfire program at the campfire circle where you can listen to some sounds of Newfoundland while sipping hot chocolate. There are also a number of interpretive hikes that cover themes such as introduced species, forest fire, species at risk, and edible plants.

There are a number of activities for kids. One of the more popular programs is the Junior Naturalist Program where children get stamps towards becoming a junior naturalist. There is also a Graduate Naturalist Program where older children get a workbook with lots of fun activities to complete.

Terra Nova also organizes and celebrates a number of special events. Some of the more popular include Canada Day (July 1), Kids day, Newfoundland and Labrador day, Take a Hike Day, Oceans Day (June 8).

Winter activities at the park include winter camping, snowshoeing and cross-country skiing.

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Cost

Daily park fee is $5.80 annual fee is $29.40. Camping, fishing and mooring are additional costs.

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Getting There and Around

The park is about 220 kilometres west of St. John's International Airport (St. John's) and 67 kilometres east of Gander International Airport (Gander).

The park lies along the Trans Canada Highway, making it easy enough to reach by road. Depending on where you're coming from - eastern or western Newfoundland - you will enter through the eastern or western gate. The highway's route through the park is some 40 kilometres long, with signs to point you to the Visitor Information Marine Centre in Salton's Brook as well as to campgrounds and other relevant stops.

DRL operates a range or daily busroutes all around Newfoundland, and has stops near both the eastern and the western gate of Terra Nova National Park.

If you happen to have your own boat, the park is accessible by sea too, along the northeastern side of the island. For docking and boat launces, try Inner Newman Sound. The mouth of the Southwest Arm in Alexander Bay is another good docking option.

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Eat/Drink

  • The Starfish Eater - Marine Interpretation Centre
  • Sandy Pond - Snacks available in the park

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Sleep

There are two campgrounds that offer front country camping: Newman Sound and Malady Head. There are also a number of backcountry camping areas that you can hike, canoe or kayak to. There are many trails in the park of varying length and difficulty. The main visitor centre is located at Salton's Brook.

Outside the park you'll find other options including:

  • Clode Sound Motel, 8 Main Street, Charlottetown, ☎ +1 709-664-3146
  • By D'Bay Cabins, Port Blandford

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This is version 1. Last edited at 8:47 on Mar 1, 16 by Utrecht. 2 articles link to this page.

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