Trindade and Martin Vaz

Travel Guide South America Brazil Espirito Santo Trindade and Martin Vaz

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Introduction

Trindade and Martin Vaz is an archipelago located about 1,170 kilometres east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espirito Santo, southeast Brazil. The archipelago has a total area of 10.4 square kilometres and a population of 32 (Brazilian Navy personnel). The archipelago consists of five islands and several rocks and stacks; Trindade is the largest island, with an area of 10.1 square kilometres; about 49 kilometres east of it are the tiny Martin Vaz islets, with a total area of 0.3 square kilometres.

The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except for the southern part of Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer Estêvão da Gama and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1895 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom until an agreement with Brazil was reached. During the period of British occupation, Trindade was known as "South Trinidad."

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This is version 1. Last edited at 13:45 on Mar 22, 17 by Utrecht. 1 article links to this page.

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