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Introduction

Tromelin Island is a low, flat, island in the Indian Ocean, about 450 kilometres east of Madagascar. It is administered as a French overseas territory, as the result of an agreement with the United Kingdom in 1954, but sovereignty is disputed with ownership claimed by both Mauritius and the Seychelles. It has a weather station and is a nesting site for boobies and green sea turtles.

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Geography

Very much like a large sandbank and only 7 metres high at its highest point, Tromelin is about 1,700 metres long and 700 metres wide, with an area of 80 ha, covered in scrub dominated by Octopus Bush and surrounded by coral reefs.

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Sights and Activities

Birding

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because of its significance as a seabird breeding site. Both Masked (with up to 250 pairs) and Red-footed Boobies (up to 180 pairs) nesting there. Sulidae populations have seriously declined in the western Indian Ocean with those on Tromelin among the healthiest remaining. The island’s Masked Boobies are of the western Indian Ocean subspecies, of which Tromelin is a stronghold. The Red-footed Boobies constitute the only polymorphic population in the region, indicating its biogeographical isolation. Both Great and Lesser Frigatebirds used to nest on the island but have subsequently become extinct as breeders, though they continue to use the island for roosting.

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Weather

Tropical.

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Getting There and Around

There are no harbours or anchorages, so that access by sea is difficult. A 1,200-metre airstrip provides the island's link with the outside world.

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Tromelin Island Travel Helpers

We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Tromelin Island

This is version 1. Last edited at 8:57 on Jan 26, 15 by Utrecht. 1 article links to this page.

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