Travel Guide Europe Russia Central Russia Vladimir



Vladimir is a city in Central Russia and is one of the cities that is part of the Golden Ring, together with Suzdal and Yaroslavl. Located about 200 kilometres from Moscow, the city has about 300,000 inhabitants.



Sights and Activities

Vladimir, a city that is part of the Golden Ring, was one of the medieval capitals of Russia, and two of its cathedrals are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Cathedral of the Assumption (Успенский собор), Соборная площадь (Cathedral Square). It is one of the most historically important Russian Orthodox Churches. For a short period in the 14th century, the cathedral was the seat of the Metropolitan, the leader of the Russian Ortodox Church. Originally, the cathedral was built in 1158 and had only one dome. However, the major reconstruction followed already in 1185: four smaller domes were added, and the building was considerably enlarged in order to resemble St. Sophia's Cathedral in Kiev. Later on, a similar project was utilized for the cathedral of the Assumption in Moscow Kremlin. The neghboring bell tower of eclectic style was built in 1810 to replace the former hip-roof tower. The interior of the cathedral includes a number of ancient frescos from late 12th century (northern wall) and 15th century (vaults), the latter being painted by Andrei Rublev and Daniil Chyorny. Presently, the cathedral combines church and museum activities. Services are normally held in the morning and offer free entrance. During the opening hours of the museum (Tue-Sun, 13.00-16.30), the tickets are sold. edit
  • Cathedral of St. Demetrius (Дмитриевский собор), Соборная площадь. This is the other ancient cathedral of Vladimir. The building was constructed in 1194-97 as an in-house church of the Prince's court. Originally, galleries linked the cathedral to the palace, but they were removed during the reconstruction in 19th century. At present, St. Demetrius' Cathedral is a detached church, a unique monument of ancient Russian architecture. The bottom part of the walls is flat (here the galleries were attached), while the upper part is covered by fine stone carvings. These carvings depict stories from the life of King David and praise the harmony of the world. Yet the meaning of some carvings remains unknown. The cathedral hosts a small museum that presents enlarged images and detailed explanations for a number of carvings as well as a small piece of original frescos from late 12th century. The museum is open Wed-Mon, from 11 till 17 or 18. Don't forget to have a look from the nearby viewpoint! edit
  • Golden Gate (Золотые ворота), Большая Московская ул. (west from the Cathedral square). Once the entrance to the walled city, the gate was originally built in 1158-64. At that time, the city was surrounded by a rampart with five stone gates. The Golden Gate is the only remaining part of the complex and the unique monument of ancient fortifications in Russia. The ramparts were removed in 19th century, and the gate was reinforced by four circular bastions at the buttresses. These bastions strongly changed the appearance of the gate, so it may be advisable to see the picture of the original building like in a museum of military history inside the gate. The remaining part of the rampart is found south from the gate, along the Kozlov Rampart Street (ул. Козлов вал).




Vladimir's climate is comparable to that of Moscow#Weather, a humid continental climate that is, with cold winters and relatively warm summers. Temperatures during summer (June to August) are mostly above 20 °C, with nights about 10 degrees lower. Winters are well below zero, with average nights in January around -14 °C. The annual precipitation averages around 600mm with most of it falling in the form of rain in summer. Snow is common in winter.

Avg Max-7.6 °C-5.2 °C0.7 °C10.1 °C18.5 °C22 °C23.6 °C21.8 °C15.4 °C7.7 °C-0.1 °C-4.9 °C
Avg Min-13.9 °C-12.1 °C-6.7 °C1.3 °C7.6 °C11.5 °C13.6 °C12 °C7.1 °C1.6 °C-4.6 °C-10.4 °C
Rainfall37 mm32 mm32 mm38 mm51 mm65 mm84 mm59 mm57 mm58 mm53 mm47 mm
Rain Days1088881010910101111



Getting There

By Plane

Vladimir Semyazino airport does not have regular passenger communication. Nearest airports are located in Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod, both receive international flights. From there, you can easily reach Vladimir by train, by bus, or by car.

By Train

Vladimir is one of the first cities if you depart from Moscow that is a stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway. It's less than 3 hours from the country's capital, and a long way from Siberia!

Four or five suburban trains per day run to Vladimir from Moscow's Kurskaya Station. The journey takes 2h30m - 3h. Buy tickets at the regional (short-distance) train ticket counter in the right wing of the Kurskaya station (Poezda Prigorodnogo Napravleniya - Gorkogo). Tickets cost from 320 rubles one way. There are several daily departures with the earliest at 8:00am. The 6:00pm express is the quickest of these local trains but it has limited seats available. It returns from Vladimir at 6:00am.

Some super-fast Sapsan trains also call at Vladimir en route between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod. The journey takes only 1h45m but a seat costs from around 1,400 - 3,000 rubles. The 06.45 departure may appeal to early risers. They use a different section of the same station as the local trains.

Regular long-distance trains also call at Vladimir. They are more frequent than the suburban trains but they are generally not faster. Prices from Moscow range greatly from 500 rubles to around 1,000 rubles. They mainly leave from the same station as the Sapsan high-speed trains but many also leave from Moscow's Yaroslavsky rail terminal. One or two depart from Moscow's Kazansky rail terminal.

Heading beyond Moscow, Vladimir is well connected to many cities including Saint Petersburg and Vladivostok.

From Moscow, taking one of the hourly local trains to Petushki is an alternative. Local trains between Vladimir and Petushki run 3 times per day. The overall journey is longer (3.5-4 h) but it may be helpful in case you miss other trains and the buses are overcrowded.

By Car

Vladimir is easibly reachable from Moscow (180 kilometres along the M7 road), Nizhny Novgorod (240 kilometres along the M7 road), Ivanovo (115 kilometres along the A113 road), and Ryazan (230 kilometres along the R123 and R73 roads, via Tuma and Gus-Khrustalny). In the city, you will find a lot of space for free parking on side streets and several parking areas on the main street (Bolshaya Moscovskaya) as well.

By Bus

Central bus station is located next to the railway station, close to the historical centre. This station operates bus routes to every town in Vladimir Oblast as well as many intercity routes (to Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Ivanovo, Ryazan, etc.) Normally, you have to buy tickets inside the station. The square near the central bus station is a hub of private bus routes that are usually operated by minibuses. Such routes do not have a strict schedule and depart as soon as the minibus is filled up. You should pay directly to the driver or to a special person who collects money near the bus. The private routes serve Moscow, Murom, Gus-Khrustalny, and Ivanovo (via Suzdal). The last bus to Moscow departs at around 20.00.



Getting Around

The historical centre is easily and conveniently explored by foot, so the regular traveller is unlikely to use the public transport in Vladimir. Still, there is an extensive network of trolleybuses, buses, and minibuses (marshrutki), serving the whole city. The most useful option is the trolleybus #5 that connects the train station to the historical centre and runs along Bolshaya Moscovksaya Ulitsa. Normally, you have to pay to the driver or to a special lady who sits in the bus and collects the money.




Beer is probably the only local speciality in Vladimir. Formerly, Vladimir brewery was known for a variety of beer sorts. At present, the diversity is substantially reduced, because the brewery joined the brand of "live beer" Fifth Ocean (Пятый океан) – a wheat-free unfiltered beer with a special storage technology that allows to keep fresh unfiltered beer for rather long time. This beer is produced in several breweries and distributed all round the country. In Vladimir, it can be found in SPAR supermarkets. Additionally, there are few sorts of filtered lager beer produced under the general brand Vladimirskoe (Владимирское). The latter is not very special, but it is local and may be thus expected to be fresh.




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Keep Connected


Russia is a huge country, and excess to the internet varies a lot. The main cities and tourist places have (free) wifi excess at lots of places, like restaurants and cafes (McDonald's is always a safe bet). Internet cafes are present in larger places as well. Rural areas and especially if you venture into remote and/or mountainous areas have little excess at all. Most travellers will find connections though when using their phone or tablet.


See also: International Telephone Calls

The emergency number is 112. The country code for Russia is 7. Russian phone numbers have an area code with three, four or five digits (according to their province), followed by an individual number with, respectively, 7, 6 or 5 digits, always yielding 10 digits in total. The three digit code 800 is used for toll-free calls. Mobile phones always have three-digit "area" codes and seven-digit numbers. Calls within any one area code may omit the area code (except in Moscow). Inter-area code calls within Russia: 8 (wait for tone) full Russian number including area code. The international access code for dialling outwith Russia is the sequence of 8 (wait for secondary tone and then) 10. International calls to Russia, as always, replace the plus sign (+) in the international phone format with the local international access code for the country you're calling from, followed by Russia's country code of 7 followed by the individual Russian phone number including area code.

You will require a SIM-unlocked GSM 900 / 1800 compatible international cell phone when buying a Russian SIM card. If you do not have your own international cell phone, it's best to buy a cheap cell phone with some value on the card. Foreigners can purchase a local SIM card by showing your passport. BeeLine is considered to be the best in terms of reliability and connections quality. However Megafon's services can be a bit cheaper.


Russian Post is the national postal service of Russia. It's English version is currently under construction, but mainly involves the track&trace system. The domestic post is reasonably reliable, and sending international mail is fairly reliable but slow, taking at least a few weeks to European countries, longer to the USA or Australia for example. The delivery of mail sent from abroad to Russia is highly unreliable, and people or companies tend to use foreign adresses, from where a private carrier sends it to Russia. Alternatives like poste restante are non-existent with Russian Post. Most cities and large towns in Russia have a Central Post Office (Glavpochtamt), which also sells stamps and envelopes, and usually has fax services and Internet availability, though the latter mostly not in smaller places. Also, many hotels have postal services, including mail boxes. Post offices tend to keep long hours, usually from 8:00am or 9:00am until 8:00pm or 9:00pm Monday to Friday, and closing earlier during weekends. The main central post offices in the biggest cities keep even longer hours. For sending parcels, you can also try services by DHL Russia and FedEx Russia. For all mail you can use the regular alphabet, though maybe include the country's name in Cyrillic. For sending post to Russia (or trying to receive it) note that addresses should be in reverse order: Russia, postal code, city, street address, name.


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This is version 7. Last edited at 9:02 on Nov 28, 17 by Utrecht. 4 articles link to this page.

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