Australia

Australia Edit History Compare

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2020
21==Brief History==21==Brief History==
22The first people to discover Australia did so approximately 40,000 thousand years before Europeans set foot on the continent. Recently unearthed evidence suggests, in contrary to popular belief, that the first european to visit Australia was Portuguese explorer Christopher de Mendonca, who led a flotilla of four ships into Botany Bay in 1522 -- almost 250 years before Britain's Captain James Cook.
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24Australian Aboriginals flourished in lush coastal regions as hunter/gatherers. The British colonisation of Australia, which began in [[New South Wales]] in 1788, had a disastrous effect on the Aboriginal people, as they fell prey to infectious diseases carried by the new settlers and were gradually displaced from their traditional homeland.
22The first people to discover Australia did so thousands of years before Europeans set foot on the continent in the 17th century. Australian Aboriginals flourished in lush coastal regions as hunter/gatherers. The British colonisation of Australia, which began in [[New South Wales]] in 1788, had a disastrous effect on the Aboriginal people, as they fell prey to infectious diseases carried by the new settlers and were gradually displaced from their traditional homeland.
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24Australia did not become an independent republic until 1901. Even then, it remained a part of the Commonwealth of British Nations, with the Queen of England as its head and a population consisting primarily of Anglo-Saxons. Throughout the 20th century, Australia maintained its ties with the [[UK]], even though the post-WWII years saw increased immigration from other parts of [[Europe]], [[Asia]] and [[Africa]]. In 1999, Australians voted in a referendum to decide whether to become a republic, but the proposal was rejected by 55% of voters.26Australia did not become an independent republic until 1901. Even then, it remained a part of the Commonwealth of British Nations, with the Queen of England as its head and a population consisting primarily of Anglo-Saxons. Throughout the 20th century, Australia maintained its ties with the [[UK]], even though the post-WWII years saw increased immigration from other parts of [[Europe]], [[Asia]] and [[Africa]]. In 1999, Australians voted in a referendum to decide whether to become a republic, but the proposal was rejected by 55% of voters.
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26==Geography==29==Geography==
27Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, covering a land area of over 7 680 000 square km. It is sandwiched by the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. As it is an island, it has no neighbouring countries, but it is near Papua New Guinea and Indonesia (north) and New Zealand (east). 30Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, covering a land area of over 7 680 000 square km. It is sandwiched by the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. As it is an island, it has no neighbouring countries, but it is near Papua New Guinea and Indonesia (north) and New Zealand (east).